Japan’s Geography

Japan’s Geography

Location of Japan

Japan is situated on the western edge of the Pacific Ocean and east of the Eurasian continent. It’s nearest neighbours are Korea, China and Russia.

Size of Japan

Japan is made up of four main islands and a number of smaller ones, lying in an arc from north to south. These are Honkkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu.

Together they cover 378,000 square kilometers (142,000 sq miles), which is about 4% of the size of the United States and slightly more than one and a half times as large as Britain.

Terrain Of Japan

About 80% of Japan is mountainous, with the famous Mount Fuji, the country’s highest peak, rising to 12,388 feet. A chain of mountains extends along the middle of the long, narrow archipelago, dividing it into two sides, one facing the Pacific and the other the Sea of Japan.

The whole country lies within an earthquake belt, and small quakes are frequent in the Tokyo area, but less common in western Japan.

Japan also abounds in volcanoes, including about one tenth of the world’s active ones. Mount Fuji is itself a dormant volcano.